Estudio serológico de anticuerpos contra patógenos comunes, en gallinas de patio de la aldea El Caoba, Reserva de la Biosfera Maya, Guatemala

Autores/as

  • Héctor Aguilar Miller Universidad de San Carlos de Guatemala

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.37533/cunsurori.v3i1.18

Palabras clave:

Infl uenza aviar, enfermedad de Newcastle, enfermedad de Gumboro, Mycoplasma, Salmonella

Resumen

Se realizó un estudio serológico en busca de anticuerpos contra agentes etiológicos comunes, en gallinas de patio (Gallus gallus) de la aldea El Caoba (AEC), situada en la zona de amortiguamiento de la Reserva de la Biosfera Maya, en Petén, Guatemala. Se tomaron aleatoriamente, muestras de sangre de 39 gallinas. Se buscaron anticuerpos contra el virus de influenza aviar tipoA (VIA), el virus de la enfermedad de Newcastle (VENC), el virus de la enfermedad de Gumboro (VEG), la bacteria Mycoplasmagallisepticum (MG) y la bacteria Salmonella pullorum (SP). El 46% de las gallinas estudiadas portaba anticuerpos contra el VIA;el 51% contra el VENC y el 95% contra el VEG. No se detectaron anticuerpos contra MG ni contra SP. Los anticuerpos contra el VENC se detectaron únicamente durante el muestreo del mes de septiembre. El 31% de las gallinas muestreadas portaba,de manera concomitante, anticuerpos contra tres patógenos (VIA, VENC y VEG) y el 15% contra dos patógenos (VENC y VEG). Se considera que la población dinámica de gallinas de patio de la AEC representa una potencial amenaza para la avicultura artesanal, la avicultura tecnificada, las aves silvestres y la población humana.

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Biografía del autor/a

Héctor Aguilar Miller, Universidad de San Carlos de Guatemala

Investigador afi liado al Instituto de Investigación en Ciencia Animal y Ecosalud, Facultad de Medicina Veterinaria y Zootecnia, Universidad de San Carlos de Guatemala

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Publicado

2016-11-25

Cómo citar

Aguilar Miller, H. (2016). Estudio serológico de anticuerpos contra patógenos comunes, en gallinas de patio de la aldea El Caoba, Reserva de la Biosfera Maya, Guatemala. Revista Naturaleza, Sociedad Y Ambiente, 3(1), 95–106. https://doi.org/10.37533/cunsurori.v3i1.18